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Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
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Protecting Environment
Principle Seven
Business should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges;
Principle Eight
Undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility; and
Principle Nine
Encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies.
The Origin of the Environment Principles
Internationally co-ordinated work on the environment has been led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), since its inception in 1973. UNEP has provided leadership and encouraged partnerships to care for the environment, for example, through Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) which have addressed issues such as species loss and the need for conservation at a global and regional level. UNEP has created much of the international environmental law in use today.
The three environmental principles of the Global Compact are drawn from a Declaration of Principles and an International Action Plan (Agenda 21) that emerged from the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Earth Summit) held in Rio de Janerio in 1992. Chapter 30 of Agenda 21, identified that the policies and operations of business and industry can play a major role in reducing impacts on resource use and the environment. In particular, business can contribute through the promotion of cleaner production and responsible entrepreneurship.